Impacto de las cardiopatías congénitas en el aprendizaje escolar

Almudena March, Ma Cristina Caramón-Arana

Resumen


Con frecuencia, los niños cardiópatas tienen problemas en el neurodesarrollo, que se hacen patentes al iniciar su educación escolar y después de ser operados. Por mucho tiempo se pensó que solo las cardiopatías cianógenas y complejas podían causar trastornos en el aprendizaje. El análisis de los factores que repercuten en el neurodesarrollo del niño enfermo del corazón que se exponen en este trabajo, y la evidencia que se contrapone a este paradigma, crean la oportunidad para remarcar la importancia del trabajo multidisciplinario con este tipo de pacientes y sus familias. Los niños cardiópatas deben ser tratados por un equipo de profesionales de la salud donde exista también además de valoraciones médicas, valoraciones neuropsicológicas que puedan orientar a padres y maestros sobre los apoyos escolares y terapéuticos que necesitan en su aprendizaje y desarrollar al máximo sus habilidades académicas.


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18233/APM43No4pp241-2522456

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